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Chemical technology

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Code number and name of the training course

240100.62 – Chemical technology

Graduate qualification: Bachelor

Form and term of study: day-time – 4 years, mixed (full-time/correspondence)—5 years

Entrance exams

Mathematics

Russian

Chemistry

List of profiles

- Plastics processing technology

Plastics are organic materials based on high-molecular composites (polymers). At present there are dozens of various kinds of plastics, each of which is known to have its own specific properties. A mere century ago people hardly heard of them, whereas today no industry can do without these unique materials. Dozens of plastic items surround us: car and motorcycle parts, various packaging materials, housings of computer devices and household appliances, window- and door-frames, stationery, sports facilities. Even certain substitute parts for human body are made of plastic: endo-prostheses, heart valves, dental implants etc.

- Elastomers processing technology

The term elastomer refers to various polymers possessing high-elasticity properties. In other words, elastomer is an elastic material capable of being stretched many times its original length and then return to its previous dimensions when freed. Primarily such materials are various caoutchoucs and rubbers based on them.

It is hardly possible to imagine today’s life without rubber products. The following rubber items are irreplaceable to our way of life: truck and car tires, oil and fuel hoses, transporter bands, footwear soles and various gaskets and seals. Caoutchoucs are used to manufacture heart valves, artificial blood arteries, children's toys, integrated circuits, various construction materials, rubber foams and latex goods.

- Chemical technology of high-molecular compounds

Today there exist a great number of polymer-based materials or, in other words, high-molecular compounds (such as caoutchoucs, plastics and resins). Polymer production is a complex technological process including a large number of operations and stages requiring the use of modern automatic equipment which makes it possible to create materials with different properties from the same raw materials.

Polymer production line design and maintenance is the task for specialists majoring in “Chemical technology of high-molecular compounds”. Such specialists can create materials capable of withstanding high and low operating temperatures, resistant to corrosive media, biodegradable in natural environment, extremely strong or easily deformed, rigid or elastic ones.

- Functional electroplating

Functional electroplating is another application of electrolysis in industry connected with conversion of electric power into chemical one. Electroplaters pursue various goals in plating a part's surface with metal and non-metal layers:

-corrosion protection of metal parts and structures;

-imparting an esthetically pleasing look to parts of cars, machinery, devices and household appliances along with providing them with anti-corrosion properties;

- decorative finishing of jewelry items, coins, restoration of arts pieces, artificial "ageing" of new products (ornaments, furniture fittings);

            - metal-plating of plastics to provide them with a better decorative look, electrical conductivity, protection against the environment, to substitute metals for much cheaper and lighter plastics;

            - lending a part's surface some special desired properties such as solderability (higher contact reliability in electronic devices), surface conductivity or high surface reflectivity.

More and more common becomes plating containing nano-particles of other phases. Particles of other substances can impart certain desired properties, unavailable by other means, to bio-prostheses being implanted or spaceship parts. This is the field of electrochemical nano-technologies which have a bright future.

- Corrosion and metal protection

It is a well-known fact that the greater part of all industrial accidents is caused by corrosion. Along with direct hazards to the population, ecology and damage to industrial facilities such accidents always incur repair losses, fines and downtime financial losses.

In particular, Russia is one of the leading oil- and natural-gas-producing nations. Oil-and-gas producing industry places very harsh requirements for machinery corrosion protection. The machinery within the complete operational cycle of oil-and-gas production, transporting, processing and storing is in constant contact with corrosive media and environment resulting in corrosion.

So, the need for reliable corrosion protection of industrial machinery in all the branches, including the gas-and-oil producing industry, is evident. Bachelor's degree holders majoring in this profile will be orientated towards anti-corrosion protection research.

 

- Technology of non-organic substances

Passing electric current through chemical systems (solutions and melts) underlies a wide range of electrochemical technologies. Electrolysis yields some gases (chlorine, hydrogen, fluorine), sodium and potassium alkali, some salts which are very difficult or almost impossible to obtain with simple chemical reactions – persulphates, chlorates, sodium hyperchlorite, potassium permanganate (manganese), perchlorates. The latter are the basis of solid fuels for rockets and missiles.

            However, the main area where chemical technology of non-organic substances is used is fertilizer production. It is a separate complex industry including production of ammonia, nitric and hydrochloric acids and other products.

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